What is jam?
Jams are products with jelly (non-soaked, hardened to the desired degree) consistency obtained through the use of fruits, sugars, gelling agent (most commonly pectin) and organic acid (most commonly lemon).
Fruits can be fresh or frozen. Although the use of ground / pureed fruits is allowed, high quality jams are produced with whole fruits and / or large fruit pieces. The minimum fruit content for common jams is 35%, and for jams type extra – 45%.
For products declared as “100% fruit”, refined sugar is replaced with fruit sugars (most commonly apple concentrate / sweetening extract) and citric acid with lemon juice.
Jams can be produced from one or several types of fruit.
The product’s ingredients list must indicate the names of the fruits used in descending order of their content.
What is jelly?
Jellies are products similar to jams, but obtained using fruit juices.
What is home-made style preserve?
Home-made style preserves are delicacy products, with not jelled consistency, made with whole or sliced fruit, sugars and organic acid (most commonly lemon). The minimum fruit content is usually 50%.
What is rose hip marmalade?
Rose hip marmalade is a product similar to jam, but obtained with the use of finely ground rosehip puree.
What is plum butter?
Plum butter is a product similar to jam, but obtained with the use of concentrated plum puree. This is a product similar to home-made style plum jam.
What is pectin?
Pectin is the main gelling agent used in the production of jelly fruit-sugar products. Pectin substances are polysaccharides naturally present in plant. For industrial purposes, the pectin is extracted from by-products of juice production (most commonly apple presses or citrus peel).